Revolution
An overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
Russo-Japanese War
A war (1904--05) between Russia and Japan, caused largely by rivalry over Korea and Manchuria. Russia suffered a series of major defeats
Duma
The elective legislative assembly established by Tsar Nicholas II in 1905
General Strike

A strike of all of the workers in a nation or area. General strikes are usually brief and designed to show the unity of the working class.

October Manifesto
Document issued by Tsar Nicholas Il in October 1905. In response to the unrest caused by the Russian Revolution of 1905 and on the advice of his minister Sergey Witte, Nicholas promised to guarantee civil liberties and establish a popularly elected Duma. The manifesto satisfied the moderate revolutionaries, and further unrest was crushed.




Causes of 1905 Revolution

The 1905 revolution was caused because of both short term causes and long term causes.


Long term causes:
1. Russo-Japanese war: By 1905 Russia suffered defeats by Japan and as a result, the food price goes up, conditions for the people got worst and the Russians discredited the Tsarist goverment. The Russo-Japanese war caused many peasants and workers to be discontent and stress inside them grew little by little.So when Bloody Sunday occurred workers and peasants revolted against Tsar Nicholas II.
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2. Peasants wanted their own land: By 1905 the Russia's population was growing rapidly and land was in a short supply. "The redemption tax was so high that the serfs had to sell all the grain they produced to pay the tax, which left nothing for them to survive on" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1905_Russian_Revolution#Pre-Revolution_conditions). Peasants were also discontented with the amount of land the aristocracy owned, so many tried to revolt. ( The aristocracy were the landlords in which peasants had to work for).

(Russian peasants)
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3. Workers wanted to have better living conditions: As Russia become an industrialized country many peasants left their homed to work in factories. However the living conditions of the workers hardly improved and the wages were low. Workers were very disontented so they went to the Winter palace on the 9th of January 1905 to asked the Tsar for better living condition.

4. Liberals wanted to share power with the Tsar: The middle class people had more education, so they wanted to share power with the Tsar feeling that the Tsar was controlling to much and they were discontent with his rule. Therefore the middle class people encouraged the farmers and workers to revolt.


Short term causes:

1. Bloody Sunday: On Sunday 9th of January 1905, 20,000 unarmed workers lead by Father Gapon marched to the Winter Palace to ask the Tsar for better living conditions. Soldiers of the Winter Palace fired into the crowd of people and killed more than a hundred. This event upset many workers and peasants causing them to revolt against the Tsar.images.jpg (Quotes that Father Gapon brings to say to the Tsar)
"Oh Sire, we working men and inhabitants of St. Petersburg, our wives, our children and our parents, helpless and aged women and men, have come to You our ruler, in search of justice and protection. We are beggars, we are oppressed and overburdened with work, we are insulted, we are not looked on as human beings but as slaves. The moment has come for us when death would be better than the prolongation of our intolerable sufferings. We are seeking here our last salvation. Do not refuse to help Your people. Destroy the wall between Yourself and Your people."
The Revolution
The Russian revolution in 1905 started in January 1905 and ended in december 1905 January 1905 to August 1905
  • Strikes took place all over the country
  • —Peasants attack their landlords
  • —Tsar Nicholas II's uncle was assassinated.
  • —The battleship “Potekin” revolted against the Government.

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September-October 1905

  • —Strikes by workers developed into general strikes
  • —The whole country was paralyzed by the strikes with chaos and confusion in the streets.
  • —Tsar Nicholas responded by making a constitution called the “October manifesto”

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October manifesto: The constitution October Manifesto gave more rights to the middle class men and established a Duma. This constitution won many supports from the middle class which meant that the Tsar won supporters. This constitution also divided the Tsar's enemy because at first his enemies were the peasants, the workers, and the middle classes but the constitution October manifesto won the support from the middle class causing the Tsar's enemies to be the peasants and the workers. The October manifesto was one of the reasons why the Tsar survived the 1905 revolution because it brought change and slightly increased his reputation.

November-December 1905

  • —Most strikes and uprisings stopped
  • —The Tsar sent out an army to arrest leaders of the rebellion
  • —The revolution ended




 Results of the Revolution

  • —October Manifesto
  • The revolution failed to overthrow the Tsar
  • —Most workers and farmer lost respect to Tsar Nicholas ll
  • —Duma was established
  • —Voting system (only the rich had influence with the voting)



Bloom Questions
Remembering: What happened after the Bloody Sunday?—
Understanding: What was main reason the workers in Russia revolted?—
Applying: How is the Russo-Japanese war related to 1905 revolution?—
Analyzing: If the Tsar’s armed forces was on worker’s side what would have happen to tsar?—
Evaluating: If you were Tsar Nicholas ll what would you do to survive the revolution?—
Creating: What might have happened if Tsar Nicholas II accepted the worker's petition on Bloody Sunday?

Answers:—
Remembering: After the event Bloody Sunday, the workers lost faith in the Tsar and a series of worker strikes happened.—
Understanding: Workers in Russia revolted because they wanted to improve their living conditions, reduce working time, and work conditions.
Applying: The Russo-Japanese War was related to 1905 revolution because the after Russia is defeated by Japan many Russians blamed the Tsar for losing the war. The Russo-Japanese war also cause the food prices to go up which cause peasants and workers to be discontented. Along with other problem such as workers living condition and peasants wanting land, Russo-Japanese increases more stress to the workers and peasants.
Analyzing: If the Tsar’s armed forces were to be on the worker’s side, the Tsar would’ve died and the revolution would be successful.
Evaluating: If I were Tsar Nicholas ll I would’ve accept the protester’s petition and Bloody Sunday wouldn’t have happen.— The lower class's opinion of the Tsar would also be improved however the Tsar would lose the support of the high class because they wanted to stay rich. By causing the workers to have better living and working conditions the rich would have to pay more for expenses.
Creating: If the Tsar were to accept the worker's petition on Bloody Sunday then the Revolution wouldn't have happen.
 Challenge Question: To what extent was the 1905 revolution related to the downfall of the Tsar in the 1917 revolution?The 1905 revolution was contributed to the downfall of the Tsar in 1917 to a minimal degree because in 1917 the Tsar was overthrown by his own people and in the 1905 Russian peasants and workers lost respect of him. However by the end of the 1905 revolution, the Tsar was able to persuade his middle class people and his peasants to his side by using the October manifesto to win support of the middle class and by ending the payment of redemption to win support from the peasants. Also the main reason why Tsar was overthrown was because of WWI and Rasputin which theses reasons doesn't have anything to do with the 1905 revolution. The 1905 revolution made workers and peasants to lose repect of the Tsar, however the 1905 revolution didn't effect the downfall as much because WWI and Rasputin were the mains reason of the downfall. So, the 1905 revolution didn't contributed to the 1917 revolution as much.homeUnit Two- The Rise of Communism