How successful was Lenin?


Key Terms
an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed.
The Bolsheviks were born out of Russia's Social Democrat Party. When the party split in 1903, the Bolsheviks only had one obvious
leader, Lenin.
A monarchy is a form of government in which all political power is absolutely or nominally lodged with an individual, known as a monarch.
A person who helps someone or something to be free.
Someone who treats people in an unfair and cruel way and prevents them from having opportunities and freedom.
Reject as having no authority or binding force

Lenin's three main goals were to overthrow the monarchy system of Russia, improve living conditions, and end the civil war. Lenin was successful as a leader of the Bolsheviks in the process of overthrowing the monarchy system of Russia. The name "Lenin" was the fake name being used in the revolution. His real name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. He was the leader of the Bolsheviks against Tsar Nicholas II. He worked to make a socialist economic system. Lenin was an efficient leader in which he could eliminate the huge gap between the rich and the poor. Russian citizens were satisfied when they had more rights to vote for what they desired.

How was Lenin's childhood different from others'?

Lenin was born in a middle-class family. Lenin's parents were Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova, a school teacher, and Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov, a governent educational official. He studied Greek and Latin when he was a child and he chose to study about laws.There were two main sad events when he was a child:
1.) His father died from brain hemorrhage in January 1886.
2.) His eldest brother, Aleksandr Ulyanov, was hanged from attending in the attempt of assassination against the Tsar.
Later, Lenin was expelled from Kazan University where he studied about laws.
Besides Russian, Lenin had German, Swedish and Jewish ancestors.

Lenin's Role in Revolution

  1. Instead of working with laws, Lenin chose to encourage people for the revolution.
  2. In February 1897, Lenin was exiled to eastern Syberia.
  3. When the exile ended in 1900 he came back to Russia, and he became the leader of Bolshevik.

After overthrew the monacrhy system, Lenin became the leader of Russia in 1917. Lenin then ceased fighting German in World Woar I, so that Russia could concentrate on stopping the civil war.

How Did Lenin Improve Russia

From being controlled by King, Russian citizens had more rights to vote for what they desired and refused to what they disliked.


Liberator and Oppressor Table



-He was a modest man with no personal ambition.

-He had excellent leadership

qualities, and was a persuasive


-Without him, there would not have

been a Revolution in October 1917.
-He seized power against the wishes of the people

-He refused to share power equally

with other socialists.

-He was prepared to see millions of

Russians suffer for his political


The Death of Lenin

  • Lenin suffered from a stroke in the early 1923. A stroke is a medical condition termed as a "brain attack" because it's similar to heart attack.
  • However, he worried about who would replace him, because several men wanted his job, included Stalin and Trotsky.
  • Lenin died inJanuary 1924 due to complication from the strokes he had suffered.


  • Stalin led the Party in making sure that Lenin was treated like a hero of the people and personally took charge of all funeral arrangements. Stalin made his presence felt by attending all-important functions to show that he was in charge. Stalin also took the precaution of telling Trotsky to wrong date of the funeral to make him look bad in the eyes of the party.


Bloom's Questions

1.)Knowledge: How was Lenin’s childhood different from others?

2.)Comprehension: What was the main idea of Lenin when he chose to be the leader of Bolshevik?

3.)Application: How was Lenin’s act an example of an oppressor?

4.)Analysis: How was Lenin different from other leaders who start the revolution?

5.)Evaluation: What do you think about Lenin’s childhood?

6.) Synthesis: What solution would you suggest for the revolution?

Challenge Question: To what extent was Lenin successful in achieving his goals to improve Russia?

Answer: Lenin was successful to a large extent in achieving his goals. His three goals were to overthrow the monarchy system of Russia, improve the overall living conditions, and end the civil war. Tsar Nicholas was overthrew by the Bolsheviks and the monarchy system ended. People had more rights in economy and politics which satisfied them. After the downfall of the Tsar, Lenin became the leader of Russia himself. The Russian citizens lived in poor living conditions for a long time and Lenin's aim was to improve that poor living conditions. There was a civil war in Russia during Tsar Nicholas's throne, and Lenin chose to cease fighting with German in World War I, so that they could only concentrate on preventing the civil war. However, Lenin couldn't remove the huge gap between rich and poor. There was still inequality between these two classes.


Unit Two- The Rise of Communism

Russia and the USSR