Conquest and Extermination, 1928-34
The Jiangxi Soviet
Independent government established by the communist leader Mao Zedong. Also known as Chinese Soviet Republic
The Red Army
The Red Army started out as the Soviet Union's revolutionary militia during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1922. It grew into the national army of the Soviet Union. By the 1930s the Red Army was among the largest armies in history.
Extermination campaigns
A seires of campaign led by Chiang Kaishek against the Communists in an attemp to wipe them out in 1930-1934. The extermination campaigns consist of 5 campaign which the first four is a complete failure.
Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong, (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Han Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader. He led the People's Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.

Guo mindang of China
Guo mindang of China

The Unification of China, 1928
This is Chiang Kaishek who fought the most powerful warlords in the North Zhang Zoulin

  • In 1928 Chiang Kaishek of Guomindang was sent to capture Beijung in the North.
  • Chiang Kaishek made alliance with 2 powerful warlords Geng Yuxhan and Yan Xishan to strengthen his army. Later on he fought with the most powerful warlords of the North Zhang Zuolin.
  • In the Battle between Zhang Zuolin and Chiang Kaishek, Zhang Zuolin was killed by a bomb explosion so his son Zhang Xueliang surrendered to Chiang Kaishek.
  • Now Guomindang was the most powerful single force in China.
  • The capital Beijung was tranfered to Nanjing, the richest part of China.


Feng Yuxiang
Feng Yuxiang
Yan Xishan
Yan Xishan

  • After Chaing Kaishek conquer all the nothern China he didn't manage to united China under his rule
  • Feng and Yan, the two warlords that he made alliance with so rebelled against him which he manage to win the war in 2 years.
  • During this time Chaing Kaishek didn't really have a real control over his province. Many gangs of bandits terririse the whole village causing peasants to be discontented.

The Jiangxi Soviet

Flag of the Chinese Soviet Republic

After the communist got thrown out by the Guomindang in 1927 most of the survivor went to Jianxi and set up a "Chinese Soviet Republic". These communist lead by Mao Zedong gained many support by the peasants because communism gave peasants great benefit they never had before. The poor was given land equally and also the Red army treated the peasants with more respect than the Guomindang soldier so the peasants welcome the communist. There were also lower taxes for the peasants. However the rich and the middle didn't very like the idea of the communist so they didn't welcome the communist as much. Mao Zedong then changes the original Marxist idea so that the middle class and the rich didn't have to share land with peasants. With the support from the peasants and the middle classes, the Jiangxi Soviel grew powerful in Jiangxi.

Jiang Xi Soviet in the Long March

The extermination campaigns, 1930-34

  • As the communist grew Chian Kaishek saw this as a great threat to his authority so he lead an extermination campaign to wipe the communist out.
  • In 1930-1934 5 extermination campaigns was mounted. Ther first four was a failure and only the last one was successful
  • Mao Zedon the leader of ther Communist uses many tactics to survive the campaign and he was able to survive the first four campaign.
  • china-mao-zedong.jpg
    Mao Zedong

Challenging Question

Compare and contrast how Moa Zedong win supports from chinese peasants with how Lenin won supports from russian peasants?

Mao Zedong's tactics to win peasants support was quite similar to Lenin's tactics because they both say that peasants will be able to have thier own land if they supported them. Moa Zedong uses land law redistributing the land to his pesants to win their support, he also lower his taxes on land, so peasants under the rule of Mao Zedong in the Jiangxi Soviet feels like they are being treated fairly compared to the Guamindang. The red army in the Jianxi Soviet also treated the peasants with respect so the peasants feel safe under Mao Zedong. Lenin however uses good speeches telling the peasants about the land they will get if they supported the Bolshevik but in that end after the revolution those peasants didn't really have thier own land. The difference between Mao Zedong's tactics and Lenin's tactics would be that Mao Zedong really 'did' help the peasants in Jianxi Soviet to win their support but Lenin only uses speech and propaganda to win support of the peasants.

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Pre-Communist China and China under Communist rule
Russia and the USSR